Though there are different types of sexual harassment recognized by the law, it is important for victims to keep in mind that they do not have to tolerate any sexual harassment in the workplace. Sexual harassment in the workplace is prohibited and it is useful for victims to be familiar with what the different types of sexual harassment are.
The first type of sexual harassment recognized by the law is quid pro quo sexual harassment. Quid pro quo sexual harassment occurs when a supervisor or person in authority requires sex or a sexual relationship in exchange for not punishing the employee or offers to reward the employee in exchange for sex or a sexual relationship. Punishments can include firing, demoting the employee or limiting their hours. Favors the supervisor may offer to reward the employee for the sexual relationship can include promotions, raises or favorable hours.
The second type of sexual harassment that is prohibited in the workplace is referred to as creating a hostile work environment. This occurs when sexual jokes, photographs or threats create a hostile work environment for the employee to work in. The demeaning or inappropriate behavior and conduct must be pervasive enough that it creates an offensive work environment. A hostile work environment can be intimating for the employee to come to each day.
Neither type of sexual harassment has to be tolerated in the workplace by employees who should be familiar with their legal protections. Legal resources can help employees who are faced with sexual harassment in their workplaces which is why understanding what sexual harassment includes is an important first step to protecting workers in the workplace.